Francois Villon (1431-c. 1463)
Francois Villon was a French author who born in 1431. He was born in poor family. Beside as a poets, he was also known as a thief and vagabond. His father died when he was a small boy, and he and his mother were left in a poverty made worse as Paris suffered through English occupation, civil war, and famine. His life was always related with criminal. But, even though his life was not good.
He was the precursor of modern French poetry at the time. He turned away the delicate allegory of the Late Middle Ages toward more immediate problems of everyday life. He lived in the civil war and famine, so he felt how hard lived in the condition and had to keep struggling with his life alone. He wrote the great satirical poetry in which he describe s the lively streets and inhabitants of Paris.
Death became his important theme for him, because he lost his family when he was still young.
However, Francois Villon, The boy was then brought to Guillaume de Villon, a chaplain of the church of Saint-Benoît-le-Béntourné and future professor of ecclesiastical law at the University of Paris. Master Guillaume adopted François, gave him his surname, and began teaching him Latin grammar and syntax. At the age of eleven, Villon became a student in the Faculty of Arts of the University, and under his adopted-father’s tutelage received his bachelor’s degree in 1449. By 1452, when Villon received his Master of Arts degree, the young man was on the cusp of a promising career in either Church or law. (Cited from Poets.org-Poetry, Poems, Bio, &more.htm). His poetry was admired by members the royal family. By 1461 he had written his Testament, a long satirical poem in the form of a will. In this poem, considered to be one of his finest works. Francois Villon left everything he owned, and much that he did not own, to friends and enemies. He also wrote many lyric poems, some of which won some contest. But even this admiration for his poetic genius, it could not spare him the death sentence when he was arrested again.
One source said that, one he wrote his important work, Testament, at the same time, he met up with a number of acquaintances and later stole 500 gold crowns from a coffer at the College of Navarre, where the community kept their funds. And in doing his other work, Le Lais, Francois Villon showed himself composing the poem during the same hours he was orchestrating the robbery.
The Francois Villon’s work, and his life was interested to be learnt. Because, I think he was an unordinary man. Even, in the other side, he was a bad man, but he also had creativity and produced some literary work, even he was in hard condition.
I quote his sentence that he pointed out in his work, nobody is perfect and that every person needs to be forgiven. And The question “Mais où sont les neiges d’antan?”, taken from the Ballade des dames du temps jadis and translated by Dante Gabriel Rossetti as “Where are the snows of yesteryear?”, is one of the most famous lines. (cited from Wikipedia).
written by Ayufi
Semarang January 3rd 2013